Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
The Hill View Farm Animal Refuge is located just on the border of the Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary and within the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve buffer zone. This area belongs to the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve which is an International Biosphere Reserve in the Western Ghats, Nilgiri Hills range of South India. The Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve was constituted by UNESCO in September 1986.
The reserve encompasses 5,520 km² in the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. It forms an almost complete ring around the Nilgiri Plateau. The reserve extends from the tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, tropical moist forests of the western slopes of the Ghats to the tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests tropical dry forests on the east slopes. Rainfall ranges from 500mm to 7000mm per year. The reserve encompasses three eco-regions, the South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, South Western Ghats mountain rain forests, and South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests. The habitat types include montane rain forest, semi-evergreen moist forest, thorn forest and scrub, montane grassland, and high-elevation, Shola forests.
Fauna includes over 100 species of mammals, 350 species of birds, 80 species of reptiles, about 39 species of fish, 31 amphibians, 316 species of butterflies. It includes the tiger, Asian elephant, and Nilgiri tahr.
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